Migraines and headaches are common mental disorders that everyone experiences at least once in their lives. The causes are numerous and often not well known, which makes any treatment difficult. However, there is hope for people suffering from these disorders.
What is a migraine?
First of all, it is important to distinguish between a migraine and a simple headache, sometimes called a headache.
Migraine is a real disease that is caused by the repeated and sustained onset of headaches several times a month and sometimes accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
Its origin is diverse and its functioning is well known. Depending on the source of the migraine, the blood vessels in the brain stem will dilate, which is called vasodilation, and then retract: this is called vasoconstriction.
There are two main types of migraines:
- Migraines with aura
- Migraines without aura
Migraines with aura are very impressive as they cause a tingling sensation before, after or during the migraine attack.
Typical characteristics of migraines with aura include
- An aura symptom lasting more than five minutes
- Two or more aura symptoms occurring in succession
- Each symptom lasts between 5 and 60 minutes
- The aura is followed within 60 minutes by a headache
In half of all migraine sufferers, the attacks last on average six hours, and in some cases can last more than 24 hours.
Who are the people who suffer from these migraine attacks?
It affects 15% of the world's population and women are more affected (20%) than men (10%).
It should be noted that anyone can be affected by this disease. However, not everyone will have the same degree of illness, as different types of migraines exist, such as those with and without aura, tension headaches and ophthalmic migraines.
It usually appears during puberty, but in adulthood it affects more women than men, often peaking between the ages of 30 and 40 and then subsiding.
Certain genes could therefore cause migraine attacks, particularly genes associated with protein intake. It is therefore an inherited disease in some cases.
What treatments for migraines?
To treat migraines, there are various treatments available over the counter and on prescription. Here are some of these treatments:
Triptans are drugs that are available for acute treatment to prevent migraines. Please note that there are no treatments that can continuously stop migraines.
Can CBD help with migraines?
Faced with migraine attacks that can become increasingly difficult and present, many people have turned to CBD.
This promising molecule in the medical field could bring relief and a sense of relaxation to these people.
One of the many potential benefits of CBD is its anti-inflammatory action on the human body. Indeed, by acting on the CB1 receptors of the
endocannabinoid located in the nervous system and in the brain, this molecule could stop the pain messages that are transmitted between the different nerves before reaching the brain.
Other effects of CBD on migraine attacks
As mentioned, CBD may combat the pain of migraines, but it may also act on the risk factors for migraines.
The first step is to be aware of the different risk factors for migraines:
- Emotional variations (negative or positive)
- Overwork, slackening or unusually intense physical effort
- Lack or excess of sleep
- Hormonal variation (e.g. fall in oestrogen levels during menstruation)
This can trigger receptors in the brain and certain brain functions may no longer work properly.
Another potential of CBD is also known: the fight against anxiety. This psychological state is responsible for the onset of certain migraines, and consuming CBD could alleviate them.
To do this, CBD could act on the CB1 receptors located in the brainreceptors, while acting on the muscles and the hormonal state of the brain in order to relax the latter and avoid the appearance of stress. The hormonal mix is also impacted and allows the brain to relax.
How to use CBD to fight migraines?
To combat migraines, CBD can be consumed in several ways.
The first is CBD oil, which can be consumed using the sublingual method, which consists of taking a few drops under the tongue and waiting a few seconds before swallowing. This allows the first benefits of this molecule to be felt in a relatively short time.
You can also consume CBD with a vaporizer and inhaler, which would allow you to enjoy all the aromas and benefits of CBD flowers, while having a quick effect on your pain.